Top 10 Facts About the Alberta Oil Sands
1. Oil sands mining is licensed to use twice the amount of fresh water that the entire city of Calgary uses in a year. The water requirements for oil sands projects range from 2.5 to 4.0 barrels of water for each barrel of oil produced.
2. At least 90% of the fresh water used in the oil sands ends up in tailing lakes so toxic that propane cannons and floating scarecrows are used to keep ducks from landing in them.
3. A 2003 report concluded that “an accident related to the failure of one of the oil sands tailings ponds could have catastrophic impact in the aquatic ecosystem of the Mackenzie River Basin due to the size of these lakes and their proximity to the Athabasca River.”
4. In April, 2008 a flock of migrating ducks landed on a tar sands toxic lake and died.
5. Processing the oil sands uses enough natural gas in a day to heat 3 million homes in Canada. Natural gas requirements for the oil sands industry are projected to increase substantially during the projected period from 17 million cubic metres (0.6 billion cubic feet) per day in 2003 to a range of 40 to 45 million cubic metres (1.4 to 1.6 billion cubic) feet per day in 2015.
6. The toxic tailing lakes are considered one of the largest human-made structures in the world. The toxic lakes in Northern Alberta span 50 square kilometers and can be seen from space.
7. Producing a barrel of oil from the oil sands produces three times more greenhouse gas emissions than a barrel of conventional oil. In 2004, oil sands production surpassed 160 000 cubic metres (one million barrels) per day; by 2015, oil sands production is expected to more than double to about 340 000 cubic metres (2.2 million barrels) per day.
8. The oil sands operations are the fastest growing source of heat-trapping greenhouse gas in Canada. By 2020 the oil sands will release twice the amount produced currently by all the cars and trucks in Canada.
9. The Alberta Oil Sands Operation are the largest single point source of greenhouse gas emissions in Canada.
10. By 2015, the Alberta Oil Sands are expected to emit more greenhouse gases than the nation of Denmark (pop. 5.4 million). Info source.
Tar Sands in Alberta, Canada are the world’s dirtiest oil. It pollutes the environment, destroys forests and has creates scenes from Apocalypse. Read my previous post here. When you see the levels of damage caused by it, you feel anger at oil companies. We are all involved in this mess, until we stop buying their dirty oil we are condoning their destructive behavior. The money you hold in your hand changes everything, and where you spend it depends the future of this planet. We are stuck with gas cars and feel powerless to do anything different, it feels like there are no other choices, but there is…
I believe in making the right choices and I know that you do too. Together we can accomplish our goals.
What can you do now to make a difference? Learn and share your knowledge, spend your money wisely. Most of the fuel requirements are for transportation. I want to see more ethanol station in United States. I want to fly in airplanes powered by ethanol, which is proven to work. Why isn’t ethanol widely available you may be wondering? Miss informed and underrated, the true statistics are out and you can’t stop it from spreading. Oil is going to be in the past very soon and it should have been long time ago.
To find out the real cost Tar Sand oil watch videos below.
How can we stop it? Start by watching this documentary about oil addiction called “Fuel”. Find out more on cleaner alternatives to gas.
However there’s been newer version of “Fuel”. Official trailer for the new FREEDOM film by the filmmakers, Josh Tickell and Rebecca Harrell Tickell of the award-winning movie FUEL. Featuring: Michelle Rodriguez, Jason Mraz, Ed Bagley Jr., Newt Gingrich, Junior Johnson, Wesley Clark. Amy Smart, Deepak Chopra
Ethanol does not require more energy to make than it yields.
Argonne National Laboratory research has shown that corn ethanol delivers a positive energy balance of 8.8 megajoules per liter. The energy balance from second-generation biofuels using cellulosic sources is up to six times better, according to a study published in Biomass and Bioenergy Journal. Ethanol does not take food away from humans.
Only 1 percent of all corn grown in this country is eaten by humans. The rest is No. 2 yellow field corn, which is indigestible to humans and used in animal feed, food supplements and ethanol. Ethanol does not emit more greenhouse gases than gasoline.
A 1996 EPA study analyzing sources of air pollution confirmed that gasoline vehicles and non-road equipment are the largest contributors to vehicular gaseous hazardous air pollutants. However, another study showed ethanol reduces tailpipe carbon monoxide as much as 30 percent and tailpipe particulate matter emissions by 50 percent. Also, the Journal of Industrial Ecology at Yale University published a study in 2009 that found that greenhouse gas emissions are reduced by up to 38-59% when using ethanol as a transportation fuel. Ethanol can be made from waste.
Cellulosic ethanol can be made from agricultural waste and biomass such as corn cobs and stover, wheat straw, wood, energy crops & even municipal waste. Ethanol is cleaner burning.
Compared to gasoline, ethanol reduces every single tailpipe emission (CO; CO₂; smog; particulates; NOx and SOx) because ethanol contains 35% oxygen and results in a higher temperature burn. 12 billion gallons of ethanol were produced in Canada and the US in 2010.
This will grow to 36 billon gallons by 2020. Currently, the ethanol industry replaces 364 million barrels of imported oil each and every year in the USA and Canada. There are 8 million flex fuel vehicles already on the road, which is 3% of US vehicles.
We’re adding 800,000 to 1 million new flex fuel vehicles each year. There are already over 2,200 E85 and ethanol blender stations with over 60 E85/blender stations per month being installed. Ethanol creates jobs and is good for the economy.
A major study by the Windmill Group identifies 645,000 jobs created by ethanol in the USA and $92 billion. Visit official website of Freedom movie, there you can learn more about alternative fuel and order your DVD.